last updated: 21st october 2023 - Day 226 to Day 230 - Various Experiments

Safety First


Site Index



Rocket Gallery


Where To Buy

10 Challenges




Contact Us


Construction - Basic


Ring Fins

Flat Fins



Construction - Advanced

Robinson Coupling

Splicing Bottles #1

Splicing Bottles AS#5

Reinforcing Bottles

Side Deploy #1

Side Deploy #2

Mk3 Staging Mechanism

Multi-stage Parachutes


Construction - Launchers

Gardena Launcher

Clark Cable-tie

Medium Launcher

Cluster Launcher

Launch Abort Valve

Quick Launcher

How It Works

Drop Away Boosters

Katz Stager Mk2.

Katz Stager Mk3.


Dark Shadow Deployment


Recovery Guide


How Much Water?

Flying Higher

Flying Straight

Building a Launcher

Using Scuba Tanks


Video Taping Tips

MD-80 clone

Making Panoramas


Burst Testing





Servo Timer II




V1.3, V1.3.1, V1.3.2


Deploy Timer 1.1

Project Builds

The Shadow

Shadow II


Polaron G2

Dark Shadow

L1ght Shadow

Flight Log Updates

#230 - Tajfun 2 L2

#229 - Mac Uni AON

#228 - Tajfun 2 Elec.

#227 - Zip Line

#226 - DIY Barometer

#225 - Air Pressure Exp.

#224 - Tajfun 2

#221 - Horizon Deploy

#215 - Deployable Boom

#205 - Tall Tripod

#204 - Horizon Deploy

#203 - Thunda 2

#202 - Horizon Launcher

#201 - Flour Rockets

#197 - Dark Shadow II

#196 - Coming Soon

#195 - 3D Printed Rocket

#194 - TP Roll Drop

#193 - Coming Soon

#192 - Stager Tests

#191 - Horizon

#190 - Polaron G3

#189 - Casual Flights

#188 - Skittles Part #2

#187 - Skittles Part #1

#186 - Level 1 HPR

#185 - Liquids in Zero-G

#184 - More Axion G6

#183 - Axion G6

#182 - Casual Flights

#181 - Acoustic Apogee 2

#180 - Light Shadow

#179 - Stratologger

#178 - Acoustic Apogee 1

#177 - Reefing Chutes

#176 - 10 Years

#175 - NSWRA Events

#174 - Mullaley Launch

#173 - Oobleck Rocket

#172 - Coming Soon

#171 - Measuring Altitude

#170 - How Much Water?

#169 - Windy

#168 - Casual Flights 2

#167 - Casual Flights

#166 - Dark Shadow II

#165 - Liquid Density 2

#164 - Liquid Density 1

#163 - Channel 7 News

#162 - Axion and Polaron

#161 - Fog and Boom

#1 to #160 (Updates)



Each flight log entry usually represents a launch or test day, and describes the events that took place.
Click on an image to view a larger image, and click the browser's BACK button to return back to the page.


Day 166 - Dark Shadow II and Axion G5
Date: 12th September 2015
Mullaley, NSW, Australia
 Light breeze ~5km/h, sunny  25C,
Team Members at Event:

Dark Shadow II

This week NSWRA had its High Power launch at Mullaley. With dad in Europe, wife at work and the kids at school, I took a day off from my work and drove out to give Dark Shadow II an opportunity to stretch its wings. This is the second airframe we built for Thunda, but it never had a chance to fly. Although it is a little longer and heavier it also has higher capacity. The simulator predicts that it has similar performance to Dark Shadow I.

The weather was perfect with blue skies, only a slight breeze and dry underfoot. We launched from another part of the farmer's property that is a lot more accessible for cars. The location doesn't get much better than this.

A big thank you goes to the David, Tim, Andrew and Chris who helped set up and launch the rockets on the day. Also thank you to Andrew Eltobaji for taking a lot of the photos shown below.

Setting up at the launch site

Dark Shadow II

Dark Shadow II - Launch #1

Setup was straight forward with the first launch targeted at 500psi ( 34.5 bar ) because that is what airframe was hydro tested to. I wanted to get at least one successful launch in before increasing the pressure. I paused filling at 200psi for around 20 seconds and again at 400psi for 10 seconds to let things cool down a little, before increasing the pressure to 500psi.

The launch was quick but not quite vertical, though only a few degrees. Later I found out the reason for that, as there are yellow paint marks on the rail, and the bottom of the launcher was pushed into the soft soil. The diagonal rail supports are attached at the top of the rail so geometry says that if the bottom of the rail moves down then the rest of the rail will lean over.

The rocket flew to 1370 feet ( 417 m ) and drifted down gently about 500m away. The altitude is an average of the zLog reading (1364 feet) and the AltimeterOne ( 1377 feet ).

Post landing I noticed the camera had been dislodged in the nosecone, which was my fault because I forgot to tape it into its foam mount. Luckily it stayed where it was supposed to for the entire flight, and it was only the landing that dislodged it. It looks like the nosecone also hit the payload bay after landing as there are some pretty good scuff marks on it.

Hearing and eye protection

End of launch tube phase

Boy, it goes quick

1.8L comes out in ~0.1s




1377' feet readout on AltimeterOne

Here is the altitude plot from the zLog altimeter:


Dark Shadow II - Launch #2

After washing the dirt out from the nozzle, it was now time (as Tim says), "Go hard, or go home". So knowing that the last launch at Thunda was 640psi, and the sample pressure chamber was tested to 650psi, we decided to crank it up to 700psi ( 48.3 bar ). The expected disassembly didn't come and so we let it go. The rocket took off with visibly more authority than the previous launch and this time a little more vertical too. This was mostly due to the fact that we put a support under the launcher. It still got pushed a good 10cm into the soft soil though, and I expect we lost a little energy that way. The rocket also had a nice long but brief contrail as the cold air came out of the nozzle after burnout. Andrew got a great shot of it. (see below)

With the timer delay set to 11s the rocket flew to 1941 feet ( 591 m ) and gently arced over before deploying the parachute. The altitude again is an average of the zLog reading ( 1922 feet ) and the AltimeterOne reading ( 1961 feet ).

This is now our new personal highest altitude record which we are happy about. We are getting closer to the 2000' mark. The 60psi increase raised the altitude around 200 feet compared to Dark Shadow I's last Thunda launch. I think another 20-30psi could push it over 2000 feet, although I am not sure the airframe could take it. We must be pretty close to the rocket's pressure limit now. We'll see where that limit is at the next launch ... :)

Just taking off ..

... and gone


A short time later

Starting water phase

Recovering rocket

1600N of thrust

Apogee Panorama
You can just see the cars
(lower left corner)

You can see how much the launcher
was pushed into the ground.

AltimeterOne reading

The video showed that the rocket has a slow roll compared to the original airframe that virtually had none. The rocket again landed about 0.5km away from the launch pad.

Here is the altimeter plot from the zLog altimeter:

We're happy with how the deployment mechanism is working under the high-G loads. The second launch was around 53G. It's now had 5 successful flights.

Video Highlights

Dark Shadow II - 2nd Flight

A combined plot of the two flights for comparison:

A combined plot of the speed, derived from the altimeter data:

Axion G5 - Launch

The last launch for the day was Axion G5 with 2.5L of water and foam. We just used the standard plastic 9mm nozzle for this one. This was a very nice flight with a long sustained burn. It flew up to 855 feet ( 260m ) and landed fairly close to the pad. The roll also wasn't nearly as bad as the last time it flew, and so the onboard video was reasonable. Rather than swap over to the LP regulator, we just pressurised it using the direct connection to the scuba tank like we do with Dark Shadow.

It was then time to pack up and head back to the motel, and back to Sydney the next day. I didn't get as much video and photos from this launch, but at least there was less to edit.

Prepping Axion G5

Ready to go with 2.5L of water + foam

Altitiude 855 feet


Launched at 230psi.


HPR Flights Highlights Video

The following is a video of some of the other NSWRA flights from the same day.

Flight Details

Launch Details
Rocket   Dark Shadow II
Pressure   500psi
Nozzle   15.5mm
Water   1800mL
Flight Computer   ST II - 9 seconds
Payload   zLog Mod6, HD cam #16 V3, AltimeterOne,  STII
Altitude / Time   1370 feet ( 417 m ) / 61.2 seconds
Notes   Good fast launch. Slightly angled over, probably due to launch rail being pushed into ground. Only slow roll on the way up. Good deploy and good landing.
Rocket   Dark Shadow II
Pressure   700psi
Nozzle   15.5mm
Water   1800mL
Flight Computer   ST II - 9 seconds
Payload   zLog Mod6, HD cam #16 V3, AltimeterOne,  STII
Altitude / Time   1941 feet ( 591 m ) / 93.5 seconds
Notes   Good fast launch. Close to vertical. Only a slow roll on the way up. Good deploy and good landing.
Rocket   Axion G5
Pressure   230psi
Nozzle   9mm
Water   2500mL + foam
Flight Computer   ST II - 8 seconds
Payload   HDCam #16 V3, AltimeterOne
Altitude / Time   855 feet ( 260m ) / 47.4 seconds
Notes   Good flight with a long sustained burn and good landing,


<< Previous    Back to Top    Next >>

Copyright © 2006-2023 Air Command Water Rockets

Total page hits since 1 Aug 2006: